Youth Employment: a Comparative Analysis of Russia and EU States

The recent study on the employment of young people in Russia discovered that 64% of the people between 20 and 29 years of age have the so-called “white collar” jobs. This is quite an impressive percentage, compared to 59,3% in the Czech Republic and 65,3% in France.

However, there is one important difference between Russia and the countries of Europe when it comes to youth employment – more than 30% of the young people in Russia are employed in the “non-formal” sector (in Europe it is only 5-8%).

Such working sector includes entrepreneurship (individual, family to private enterprises), producing of goods and services and the so-called “black market”.

A researcher Galina Cherednychenko from the Institute of Sociology in Moscow published a book The educational and professional trajectory of Russian youth (based on sociological surveys) in year 2014.

In it, he describes what is a Russian youth today, based on a large body of research done. One of the chapters is particularly devoted to the employment of young people aged from 20 to 29 years of age.

“Occupational structure of youth from 20 to 29 years of age seems more balanced compared to the entire working population. The overall correlation between “white-collar” and “blue-collar” is 64% to 36% when it comes to youth, whereas in the whole employed population of Russia it is 56.8% to 43.2%.

That is, if the workforce of all employees still retains a measure of industrial nature, the occupational structure of employment of young people in general corresponds to parameters of the most developed countries of Central and Eastern Europe. For example, in Germany, the corresponding figures are 66.8% to 33, 2%, in France – 65.3% to 34.7% in the Czech Republic and Hungary – 59% to 41%,” stated the researcher.

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